All Variety Of Arthritis

What is a Arthritis?

Arthritis is a general term for a group of more than 100 diseases. The word "arthritis" means joint inflammation. Two of the most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Osteoarthritis is the most common type and is sometimes called degenerative joint disease because the cartilage in the body breaks down, or degenerates, with age. Rheumatoid arthritis is a long lasting disease that affects joints in any part of the body. The immune system causes the joint lining to swell and inflammation spreads to surrounding tissue in rheumatoid arthritis. These can be very painful conditions that are relentless and disabling. Most health-care professionals recommend many practices as steps to reduce the risk of developing the disease and to slow or prevent permanent joint damage.

Causes:

Most types of arthritis are caused by the breakdown of cartilage and synovium (a pocket of fluid between cartilages) within joints. Rheumatoid arthritis and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis are both caused when the body's immune system attacks the tissues that line the joints, which can destroy the joint's cartilage and bone over time. Osteoarthritis is caused by wear and tear of joints, or excessive stress or injury to joints. Post-traumatic arthritis is caused by sudden trauma to a joint, usually as a result of an accident or injury.